# v_pcma2lin

## PURPOSE V_PCMU2LIN Convert A-law PCM to linear X=(P,M,S)

## SYNOPSIS function x=v_pcma2lin(p,m,s)

## DESCRIPTION ```V_PCMU2LIN Convert A-law PCM to linear X=(P,M,S)
lin = v_pcma2lin(pcma,m,s) where pcma contains a vector or matrix
of A-law values in the range 0 to 255.
No checking is performed to see that numbers are in this range.

Input values are exclusive ored with m (default=85)

Output values are divided by the scale factor s:

s        Output Range

1        +-4032    (integer values)
2017.396342    +-1.998616 (default)
4032        +-1
4096        +-0.984375 (+-1 nominal full scale)

The default value of s is 2017.396342 which equals
sqrt((1120^2 + 2624^2)/2). This factor follows ITU standard G.711 and
the sine wave with PCM-A values [225 244 244 225 97 116 116 97]
has a mean square value of unity corresponding to 0 dBm0.```

## CROSS-REFERENCE INFORMATION This function calls:
This function is called by:

## SOURCE CODE ```0001 function x=v_pcma2lin(p,m,s)
0002 %V_PCMU2LIN Convert A-law PCM to linear X=(P,M,S)
0003 %    lin = v_pcma2lin(pcma,m,s) where pcma contains a vector or matrix
0004 %    of A-law values in the range 0 to 255.
0005 %    No checking is performed to see that numbers are in this range.
0006 %
0007 %    Input values are exclusive ored with m (default=85)
0008 %
0009 %    Output values are divided by the scale factor s:
0010 %
0011 %           s        Output Range
0012 %
0013 %           1        +-4032    (integer values)
0014 %        2017.396342    +-1.998616 (default)
0015 %        4032        +-1
0016 %        4096        +-0.984375 (+-1 nominal full scale)
0017 %
0018 %    The default value of s is 2017.396342 which equals
0019 %    sqrt((1120^2 + 2624^2)/2). This factor follows ITU standard G.711 and
0020 %    the sine wave with PCM-A values [225 244 244 225 97 116 116 97]
0021 %    has a mean square value of unity corresponding to 0 dBm0.
0022
0023
0024
0025 %      Copyright (C) Mike Brookes 1998
0026 %      Version: \$Id: v_pcma2lin.m 10865 2018-09-21 17:22:45Z dmb \$
0027 %
0028 %   VOICEBOX is a MATLAB toolbox for speech processing.
0030 %
0031 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
0032 %   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
0034 %   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
0035 %   (at your option) any later version.
0036 %
0037 %   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
0038 %   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
0039 %   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
0040 %   GNU General Public License for more details.
0041 %
0042 %   You can obtain a copy of the GNU General Public License from
0043 %   http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html or by writing to
0044 %   Free Software Foundation, Inc.,675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
0045 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
0046
0047 if nargin<3
0048   t=4.95688418E-4;
0049   if nargin<2 m=85; end
0050 else
0051   t=1/s;
0052 end
0053
0054 if m q=bitxor(p,m); else q=p; end;
0055 k=rem(q,16);
0056 g=floor(q/128);
0057 e=(q-k-128*g)/16;
0058 f=(abs(e-1)-e+1)/2;
0059 x=(2*g-1).*(pow2(k+16.5,e)+f.*(k-15.5))*t;```